When we suffer from dark circles , we know that it is something really difficult to eliminate. Dark circles under the eyes are the problem of many people, and sometimes a headache.
Dark circles put years on us and age our eyes . When we suffer from them it seems that we are tired or even sick and in many cases it is not.
What are dark circles and what can be the causes of their appearance?
Technically dark circles (idiopathic hyperchromia of the orbital rings) are easy to define because who more or less knows what they are, and what they look like, and it is simply that the area around the eye is darker , especially under the eye.
There may be many causes for dark circles to appear , in some cases we have them for a lifetime and in others they may be temporary.
The most common causes can be hereditary, due to hyperpigmentation, illness, fatigue, sadness, medication, hormonal changes, diet, allergies and even the passage of time.
In any case, they always appear in the same way, darkening the area around the eyes. But if we already have them or are showing up, don’t worry, all is not lost. Although they are very difficult to remove, we can treat them to lighten the area or thicken the density of the skin so that it does not appear so transparent.
The most appropriate treatment for dark circles depends on the cause for which they appear, so the first thing is to try to find out why they have appeared, if it is something temporary, are they hereditary or the cause is because perhaps we have sunbathed too much without protecting the area and they are actually spots instead of dark circles.
Treatment for hereditary dark circles:
Hereditary dark circles are generally due to the fact that the skin around the eye area is very thin and the blood supply is transparent . These are the most difficult to eliminate since the problem is internal and the ideal is to thicken the skin and stimulate circulation to prevent the appearance of edema (bruises).
In these cases, the treatment to follow should not contain any bleach or exfoliating acids that make the skin in the area even thinner. Products with glycolic or salicylic acid should be avoided and bet on products with hyaluronic acid that “fill up”, improve the uptake and retention of water and make it more elastic and hydrated.
In the case of older people, when dark circles appear, what happens is that over time, the eye sinks and darkens around it, so the treatment to follow is the same.
Once the diagnosis is made, if we cannot solve this problem with cosmetics, we can resort to aesthetic medicine . The essential thing in these cases is good advice and putting ourselves in the hands of a specialist, who will explain step by step what the treatment consists of.
The aesthetic doctor can immediately treat dark circles and furrows since the treatment is carried out with injectable hyaluronic acid , at a very low concentration and with a small amount, and what it does is “thicken” the skin in the area and fill it in slightly so that it The capillaries and the edema that causes them do not look so obvious or become transparent.
Treatment for dark circles due to fatigue, stress or lack of sleep:
When the main cause is lack of sleep, accumulated fatigue or because we strain our eyes, these or jeras appear due to a lack of oxygenation in the area . What we can do is use products that help our circulation and prevent blood clotting and fluid retention.
For this type of dark circles, the ideal thing is that the cosmetics we apply contain antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin K or green tea, and that in addition to circulation and fluid retention, they improve edema as we can achieve with caffeine.
In addition to cosmetic products, for the treatment of these dark circles, we must take lifestyle into account and try to improve some habits.
- Try to sleep 8 hours . The body needs to rest and disconnect to carry out its vital functions and rest is essential for health.
- Drain toxins and excess fluids by drinking at least 1.5 liters of water a day.
- Reduce the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and caffeine . They are toxins to the body and can worsen the problem as well as cause other more serious health problems.
- Stay active @ and do regular physical exercise , which will also help combat stress and reduce cortisol production (responsible for the formation of dark circles).
- Try to relax. Do yoga, meditate, read, go for a run, etc… anything that distracts you from day to day and makes you disconnect. Find your moment of peace with the easiest technique.
- Take breaks when you are straining your eyes too much . In front of the computer, reading or simply watching television, take your eyes off the screen for a few minutes and rest your eyes.
- Clean your skin well before going to bed so that it can oxygenate and carry out cell regeneration functions.
Treatment for dark circles due to hyperpigmentation:
When the cause of the appearance of dark circles is both from the sun and from drugs, that is to say that they have been produced for a reason of excess pigmentation, we can use depigmenting products that help to whiten the area.
For this, products with glycolic or salicylic acids that we vetoed before are very useful. This type of product refines the skin and consequently reduces the dark tone. There are also bleaches that, in addition to lightening the skin, work to reduce the production of melanin so that it does not continue to stain.
This area of the skin is very delicate and sensitive, so we must be very careful when choosing our treatment and keep in mind that the results are not immediate, but we will see them little by little.
For this type of dark circles, laser or pulsed light treatments can also be used . Find out well until you find the treatment that best suits your skin, you and your needs.
In all cases of dark circles, it is also very important that we pay special attention to sun protection. Whether we do these treatments or not, since it is the only way in which we can be sure that we protect our skin from UVA/UVB rays and that, in addition to this protection, the sunscreen reduces and in some cases prevents the appearance of these dark circles in the form of a spot. Avoid as much as possible direct exposure to the sun with sunglasses or a hat for example.